Skip to Main Content

COVID-19 Update: The health and safety of our patients and staff is our top priority. As an essential business, we are here to serve the needs of our community and help minimize the spread of COVID-19. More Information

Graphic of thyroid gland to explain what is the thyroid gland

What is the thyroid gland? 

The thyroid gland is an H shaped organ that is located in the front of the neck, in the space below Adam’s apple and above the breastbone. It sits on top of the trachea (the main airway). Specifically, it is an endocrine gland (an organ responsible for hormonal function).  

What does the thyroid gland do?

The thyroid gland is responsible for producing two main hormones, T4 and T3. These play a critical role in the regulation of metabolism in adults. They play a role with/have an effect on almost every organ in the human bodyThyroid hormone creation and storage is a process that is carefully monitored and regulated by the body. 

Graphic of thyroid hormones function to explain what does the thyroid gland do

There are two broad categories of problems that can arise in the thyroid. 


Medical thyroid issues

These type of issues typically involve hormone problems, either too much or too little hormone production. Alternatively, it can also revolve around incorrect function of the hormone despite appropriate production. This is typically worked up and diagnosed and managed by your primary care doctor or endocrinologist.

Anatomic thyroid issues

These issues are a result of an abnormal nodule or enlarged thyroid gland. They are often found by chance, either by the physician on a routine exam, by the patient, or on imaging such as a CT scan or MRI. These findings are typically either monitored with imaging or treated in a surgical or minimally invasive fashion.


Thyroid Procedures Offered at Fairfax Vascular Center

*Please note: It is important that any anatomic abnormality of the thyroid gland be evaluated appropriately prior to any treatment to exclude the possibility of thyroid cancer. This is typically initiated by your endocrinologist or primary care doctor and often involves a radiologist who is specialized in thyroid imaging and sampling.

Learn more about thyroid ultrasound and sampling/FNA (fine needle aspiration).

Fairfax Vascular Center is proud to offer the latest in advanced minimally invasive treatment of individual benign nodules as well as enlarged thyroid glands (nodular goiters).